The technique of making websites accessible to all visitors, including those with disabilities, impairments, and limits, is known as web accessibility. Following key design principles for web accessibility ensures that persons with disabilities or restrictions have the same or similar experiences as those who do not. Website accessibility is a critical goal since it ensures that all users have equal access to your material.
Why should you be concerned about accessibility?
Web accessibility, as previously said, makes your website — and the material on it — more user-friendly and understandable for all visitors. This includes people who have difficulties or restrictions, such as:
- Low vision
- Learning disabilities
- Cognitive disabilities
- Hearing loss
- Speech disabilities
- Physical disabilities
By focusing on the accessibility of your website, you’ll improve the user experience (UX) for all of your visitors, including those with disabilities or limits. You’ll demonstrate to your visitors, leads, and customers that you value and care about them as individuals, which will increase brand loyalty and advocacy.
Web Accessibility Guidelines
When developing an accessible website, the most recent WCAG and standards mention four essential factors to consider. There are online accessibility rules within these four principles that you can refer to and attempt to implement whenever and wherever practicable on your site. We’ll get to things later, but first, let’s go through the fundamentals.
The content and information offered on your website must be perceptible, or visitors must understand and be aware of it. Keep in mind that “perceive” does not always imply “see with one’s eyes”; screen reader software turns printed text into synthesized speech or braille characters for users who are blind or have impaired vision.
Websites that are functional can be used without causing any inconvenience to the user. Every aspect of the site’s functionality is accessible to all visitors, from browsing a page to selecting a link from a menu to playing and stopping video and music. In general, the most usable websites are simple, direct, and lack any unnecessary features that could obstruct users with disabilities or limits.
Comprehensible / Understandable
Visitors should be able to understand all content on your website, including textual and graphic design elements. Not only is jumbled, verbose language difficult to understand for the average user, but it also restricts access to persons with cognitive issues and disabilities, as well as those who do not speak the primary language of your site.
This approach also applies to the structure of your website. Your pages should be organized intuitively, with navigation available to visitors on the majority, if not all, of them.
All visitors, including those who use assistive technology such as screen readers, should be able to understand and consume the content on your site. This technique entails writing your HTML in such a way that assistive technology can parse it without needing to see it.
For the Presentation slides on “Web Accessibility & It’s Guideline’s “ check the Gurzu Slideshare account and for a full video presentation & explanation G1 Chapter 9 Web Accessibility & It’s Guidelines